Fertility drugs are prescribed medications that will mostly help influence ovulation. It can either start ovulation or help strengthen ovulation to release at least one or multiple eggs in one cycle. Fertility drugs are the most commonly used treatment for couples who are facing infertility, as the most common cause of infertility in women are ovulation difficulties.
Typically, it is the woman who is being prescribed the fertility medication, however, fertility drugs can be used with men, but it’s just not that common.
There are basic types of medication that are used to induce ovulation:
Clomid, Tamoxifen, Femara, Injectable gonadotropins, Injectable FSH hormone products.
Treatment with these drugs has the potential to result in pregnancy if the woman has good quality eggs remaining in her ovaries, and if other causes of infertility are not present.
Fertility drugs are drugs which enhance reproductive fertility. For women, fertility medication is used to stimulate follicle development of the ovary.
Agents that enhance ovarian activity can be classified as either Gonadotropin releasing hormone, Estrogen antagonists (fertility medication inhibiting the effects of estrogen includes Clomiphene and Aromatase inhibitors, which can also work as fertility medication, probably through a mechanism similar to clomiphene) or Gonadotropins.
Clomiphene (trademarked as Clomid) is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM). Clomiphene is the most widely used fertility drug. It is used as an ovarian stimulator by inhibiting the negative feedback of estrogen at the hypothalamus. As the negative feedback of estrogen is inhibited, the hypothalamus secretes GnRh which in turn stimulates the anterior pituitary to secrete LH and FSH which help in ovulation.
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is normally produced during pregnancy. However, it can also replace LH as an ovulation inducer.
Human Menopausal Gonadotrophin (hMG) is a medication containing a follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and a lutenizing hormone (LH).
Estrogen antagonists and gonadotropins may stimulate multiple follicles and other ovarian hormones leading to multiple birth and possible ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.
Speak with a physician after one year of unsuccessfully trying to conceive. More than half of couples who seek infertility treatments eventually become pregnant.
Consult your doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions
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